The Israelites fight the remaining Canaanites
Judg 1:1-7 The tribes of Judah and Simeon capture King Adoni-Bezek at Bezek (see Map 50).
Judg 1:8-10 The men of Judah mount an attack on Jebus (Jerusalem). They capture the Lower City, but are unable to take the well-fortified Upper City. They then attack Kiriath Arba (Hebron) (see Map 50).
Judg 1:11-15 Othniel, Caleb's nephew, conquers Debir (probably Tell Beit Mirsim, 13 miles / 21 km south of Hebron) (see Joshua 15:15-17) (see Map 50).
Map 50 Israel under the Judges
Judg 1:16-19 The tribes of Judah and Simeon conquer the hill country around Zephath (which is re-named Hormah meaning ‘destruction’), but the fate of Gaza, Ashkelon and Ekron is uncertain as “they could not force out the people living on the plain, because they had iron chariots” (Judges 1:19) (see Map 50).
Judg 1:20-26 Caleb takes Hebron, but many Jebusites remain at Jerusalem. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh conquer Bethel (see Map 50).
Judg 1:27-36 The fortunes of war swing back and forth over the next three years. Some Canaanite cities are lost; others are re-taken; some – like Megiddo, Gezer and Sidon – have yet to be conquered (see Map 50).
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