The Book of Micah was written between c.747 and c.722BC, about the same time as the Book of Hosea. The prophet Micah warns that God will punish the people of Israel and Judah for the terrible social injustices of his day. On a more hopeful note, he also predicts the coming of a great king from the family line of David who will bring peace and justice to the troubled nation.
Title? The Book of Micah.
Written by whom? Micah, from Moresheth in southern Judah.
When? Between 747 & 722BC.
Where? He prophesied in the southern kingdom of Judah.
To whom? To the people of Israel and Judah.
What was the message? Micah warned that God would punish the people of Israel and Judah for their idolatry and for perpetrating social injustices. He then looks forward to brighter times under a new king descended from King David.
The Shephelah (Judean foothills) near Moresheth (Ilana Shkolnik)
Micah 1:1 Micah - from Moresheth in Judah - prophesies during the reigns of Jotham (747-731BC), Ahaz (731-716BC) and Hezekiah (727-699), kings of Judah (see 2 Kings 15:32-16:20 & 18-20). During this time, Samaria and the northern kingdom of Israel fall to the Assyrians in 722BC.
Micah 1:2-16 Micah laments about the idolatry found in Samaria (Israel) and Jerusalem (Judah). He prophesies the destruction of Samaria and the downfall of Jerusalem.